Open Access (OA) refers to scholarly content that is freely available online, free of most copyright and licensing restrictions to promote sharing, and available to anyone with the technological means of accessing it. There are no charges to access OA material so readers are not limited by their ability to pay. OA promotes a culture of open and more equitable access. With traditional publishing, the cost to access scholarly material continues to skyrocket and subscription price increases often outpace an institution’s ability to pay for access. OA removes that paywall and makes scholarly material available to everyone. In addition to scholarly articles and books, datasets and educational materials can also be open access. Because OA is more accessible, more people can access, read, and use that information. Authors that chose to publish their work openly, tend to have a greater citation impact than through traditional publishing models.